Telecom services have become a part of basic infrastructure, with general society demanding a consistent network at all circumstances. To ensure smooth services, it is important that telecom towers are constantly up and running. However, the most of the telecom tower sites, in rural as well as urban areas, do not receive 24×7 grid electricity . As per estimation, on an average telecom towers in rural areas are powered by the grid for 12 hours per day , whereas towers in urban areas receive grid power for 20 hours per day. The absence of grid power at most of the sites has constrained tower companies to depend on diesel, to such an extent that diesel costs make up a critical piece of the general opex of a tower site.
More than 3 billion litres of diesel is consumed annually to power telecom towers. This has put the telecom industry alongside industries that produce carbon emissions. In spite of the fact that its share in worldwide carbon emissions is is as of now low contrasted to sectors like transportation and construction, the challenge of providing grid power to growing networks will only become more pronounced with the increase in subscriber base. Diesel consumption will go up as more operators expand networks and launch 4G/long term evolution services.
Currently, power and fuel costs are the largest expense component, accounting for approximately 63 per cent of the total opex of a telecom company. As indicated by the Indian Energy Security Scenarios 2047, an apparatus created by the Indian government to evaluate potential vitality situations, base transceiver stations (BTSs) consume the most extreme power at tower sites. BTS configurations vary with sites, depending on the quantity of subscribers, coverage area, data traffic and teledensity. Therefore, a 2/2/2 configuration BTS is generally used in rural areas and a 6/6/6 configuration BTS in urban areas. In addition, air conditioners (ACs) make up a major contribution in telecom tower’s power consumption as they are used to cool shelters in case of BTS overheating. A 2x2x2 configuration BTS requires about 1.3 kW of power supply while a higher capacity version (4x4x4 or 6x6x6) requires 2-3 kW. With the addition of 1.5 tonne ACs, the power need increases to 3-4 kW. This contributes to the overall cost of operating a tower site, along with increased diesel consumption.
In order to optimize energy usage, tower operators have to monitor the supply, distribution and consumption of fuel.Infozech has developed an innovative service offering that enables real time energy tracking, reporting and prediction.Infozech’s ETS presents consolidated data from multiple sites with variable power supply sources across each site. This solution involves no capital expenditure.
iETS helps the client to monitor its fuel supply and distribution, electricity usage, and sources of electricity through energy data records over mobile network. Infozech’s Energy Tracking Service (iETS) manages energy costs worth about 837.5 million US dollars across 150,000 towers in India.
iETS is an innovative, cost-effective tool to monitor fuel distribution and consumption across remote tower sites located in different geographies.